The history of pizza
How did pizza come about? Similar dishes already existed among the ancient Greeks and Romans. They were dishes laid out on slices of bread. Bread with additives of meat, cheese, olives, vegetables, dairy products was included in rations for Roman legionnaires. It was the food of both the patricians and the plebeians. Roman Mark Apicius in the 1st century BC wrote a book in which recipes of the “ancestors” of modern pizza were given. Olive oil, cheese, pieces of chicken meat, mint, nuts, garlic, pepper were placed on the dough in various combinations. The word pizza itself is close to the words piazza (square) piatto (plate). In 1522, tomatoes were brought to Europe and in Italy they began to cook almost classic pizza. In the 17th century, special people appeared who cook pizza for peasants. They are called pizzaiolo (pizzaiolo). Once in 1772, King Ferdinand I incognito walked around Naples and got hungry. The monarch went to the institution of the Neapolitan pizza maker Antonio Testa. As the hunger was quenched, the king increasingly admired the taste and variety of dishes. Ferdinand I tried to introduce pizza into the royal kitchen, but the attempt was unsuccessful. The wife was categorically against the food of commoners in the diet of monarchs. Some time passed, and another king Ferdinand II, who also loved pizza, decided to change the attitude of the female part of the royal court to this dish. Ferdinand II convened the royal cooks for a secret meeting, which addressed the issue of gentrification pizza. The main problem was that the pizza dough was kneading, and for the royal dish it was unacceptable! A secondary task was to find a suitable tool for eating pizza, so as not to grease noble fingers. Gennaro Spadacchini was appointed responsible for solving the above problems. Moreover, a limited time was allotted for solving problems, the Neapolitan nobleman had to be in time before the Queen’s birthday was celebrated. Gennaro completed the order on time. The dough was now beaten with a bronze pestle in the shape of a man, and a four-tooth fork was used to absorb pizza. On the day of the 30th anniversary of Margarita of Savoy, a huge miracle pizza was prepared on the festive table prepared by a married couple of palace culinary specialists – Raffael Esposito and Rosina Brandi. The pizza was named after the queen. Since that day, Margarita pizza has become a popular dish among the royal court. Also in the royal kitchen were allowed to cook “Marinara” and “Four Seasons.” At the moment in Italy there are more than two thousand kinds of different pizza. And it can be argued that it was Naples that gave the world such a miracle as pizza. In the XIX century, thanks to Italian immigrants, pizza got to America. After World War II, the pizza delivery service became widespread in the USA, and the food industry began to produce semi-finished pizzas. Types of pizza, composition and recipes: Depending on the size of the pizza, the amount of dough and toppings changes, but the ratio of ingredients remains approximately the same. Ingredients of Margarita pizza: pizza dough, tomatoes, cheese (mozzarella), tomato paste, olive oil, dry basil, parmesan, salt, pepper and fresh basil leaves.